Tattoos are perceived very differently around the world. Some countries could be considered as early adopters while others would only use tattoos to mark prisoners and slaves. The tradition of tattooing has a long history with deep spirituality and techniques developed in independent culture. While in modern times tattoos have become a very popular form of art, authentic tattoo styles have been reintroduced.
Japanese tattoo tradition has a great heritage. With first mentions of 5000 years ago, it’s modern variations still follow old traditions. Horimono is a preferred name while irezumi (“insert ink”) is associated with punishment and condemn for the ink. In early days tattoo was used as a form of punishment for prisoners to mark where and what crime was committed. However, in 18th century tattoos have become a decoration even though it was still prohibited. Yakuza is very famous for their tattoo designs. Tattoos were covering only the areas which would be hidden by clothes. This practice is maintained nowadays as well.
Ta Moko (New Zealand)
Tattoos traditional for the Maori people are unique for each person. Ta Moko is made to send a message about who a person is, their ancestry and skills/knowledge. Moko can be seen in the lower part of the body and face while women tattooed only around lips and chin. Tattoo ceremony is considered a sacred ritual. Chisels are used to create the tattoo so the surface is not smooth and has grooves. Now it is a part of cultural identity.