Temple of Olympian Zeus, Athens
And now, let’s move on from sculptures to architectural marvels. This is a temple in the center of Athens and its construction started in the 6th century BC by Peisistratos. What’s significant about this temple’s construction process is that it was only completed in 131 AD, under the reign of the Roman Emperor Hadrian. This means that it took over 600 years to complete. But the end result is that it still exists today and you can go visit! Good and lasting structures take a long time to build.
The Great Theater of Epidaurus
If you’ve ever read any book about theater in Ancient Greece, then you have definitely seen pictures of the Great Theater of Epidaurus. It is huge, even by today’s standards, and could provide seating for over 13,000 people. Can you imagine how quiet people would have to be to hear what’s going on on stage? I’m sure the actors, singers, and performers of Ancient Greece didn’t have fancy sound systems to help them out during performances.
But this is something that the creators of the theater took care of. Even though they didn’t have tools to amplify the sounds coming from the stage, the materials used to build the theater (limestone) helped “mute” the sound of crowd chatter while resonating and amplifying the sounds coming from the stage.
Stoa of Attalos, Agora
This architectural marvel was constructed as a gift to Athens. It was built by King Attalos II, who ruled between 159 and 138 BC. As a building that was constructed during the later period of the Ancient Greek Empire, it’s architectural and decorative elements are significantly more advanced than that of earlier buildings.
Unfortunately, a lot of it was destroyed in 267, and what we see today is a reconstruction that was conducted between 1952 and 1956.